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Vestibular Schwannoma

This patient has a known vestibular schwannoma, being treated with radiotherapy. Follow-up MRI was performed. Coronal gadolinium-enhanced MPRAGE shows a rounded tumour in the right cerebellopontine angle, with extension into the internal auditory meatus. The IAM is expanded. This is the ice-cream cone sign.
Some facts about vestibular schwannoma:
1. Most vestibular schwannomas have an intracanalicular component, however 20% are extracanalicular.
2. Significant signal heterogeneity with cystic or haemorrhagic areas is more typical of vestibular schwannoma than meningioma.
3. Bilateral vestibular schwannomas are diagnostic of neurofibromatosis type 2.
Reference: Dahnert W. Radiology Review Manual 5th edition. Lippincott, Williams & Wilkins 2003
Credit: Dr Laughlin Dawes
http://www.radpod.org

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