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Bhosale PR, Patnana M, Viswanathan C, Szklaruk J.
Department of Radiology, University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, 1515 Holcombe Blvd, Box 368, Houston, TX 77030, USA. Priya.bhosale@di.mdacc.tmc.edu

Radiographics. 2008 May-Jun;28(3):819-35; quiz 913.

A variety of benign and malignant masses can be found in the inguinal canal (IC). Benign causes of masses in the IC include spermatic cord lipoma, hematoma, abscess, neurofibroma, varicocele, desmoid tumor, air, bowel contrast material, hydrocele, and prostheses. Primary neoplasms of the IC include liposarcoma, Burkitt lymphoma, testicular carcinoma, and sarcoma. Metastases to the IC can occur from alveolar rhabdomyosarcoma, monophasic sarcoma, prostate cancer, Wilms tumor, carcinoid tumor, melanoma, or pancreatic cancer. In patients with a known malignancy and peritoneal carcinomatosis, the diagnosis of metastases can be suggested when a mass is detected in the IC. When peritoneal disease is not evident, a mass in the IC is indicative of stage IV disease and may significantly alter clinical and surgical treatment of the patient. A combination of the clinical history, symptoms, laboratory values, and radiologic features aids the radiologist in accurately diagnosing mass lesions of the IC. Supplemental material available at radiographics.rsnajnls.org/cgi/content/full/28/3/819/DC1. Copyright RSNA, 2008.

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